Friday, 7 October 2016

Vocabulary Unit 1

  • Cardinal Points: we use it to establish direction. The principal cardinal points are north, south, east and west.
  • Graphic scale: It is the way to relate the reality with the map. It is a bar divided into equal segments (1 cm).
  • Longitude: It is measured by using the meridians which start at the prime meridian.
  • Meridian: It  is a semicircle which go from one pole to the other.
  • Prime meridian: It is the point of reference for other meridians. It divides the Earth into two hemispheres.
  • Compass: It is an instrument with a magnetic needle which always points north.
  • Hemisphere: It is each part of Earth dividing for prime meridian (the western hemisphere and the eastern hemisphere) or for the equator (the northern hemisphere and the southern hemisphere).
  • Numeric scale: It is expressed as a fraction. The numerator represents a unit on the map. The denominator represents its size in the real world.
  • Political map: It gives information on political organisation, such as international or regional frontiers.
  • Thematic map: It gives information on particular subjects, such us climate or vegetation.
  • Geographical coordinate: They are latitude and longitude. It´s indicate the exact location of a place on the Earth.
  • Latitude: It is measured by using the parallels which start at the equator.
  • Parallel: It is a circle which is perpendicular to the meridian.
  • Physical map: It gives information on relief, and show features such as rivers.

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