Wednesday, 30 March 2016

Physical Spain

Answer these questions.

  • Where is Spain?

  • What physical relief separate Spain from Africa?

  • What two mountain separate Spain from Europe

  • Which ocean is on Europe’s west coast?

  • Which sea is on north coast?

  • Which sea is on southeast coast?

  • Which is the longest river in Spain?

  • What is the name of the highest mountain in Spain? How high is it? Where is it?

  • Do you know the names of some volcanoes in Spain?

  • What types of climates are there in Spain?
  • What are Spain´s climate like?
TASK: Place on the map the relief names

Monday, 14 March 2016

Vocabulary Unit 5

Rainforest: It is the characteristic landscape of equatorial zones with high trees, always dense and green .
Canopy: It is place in rainforest at the top of the tree.
Dunes: They are elevations of the desert terrain, only made with sand.
Sandy desert: It is a type of desert made with a lot of sand.
Rocky desert: it is a type of desert made with great rocks.
Stony desert: it is a type of desert made with a lot of fragments of rocks.
Tuaregs: they are the inhabitants of the Sahara desert.
Mongols: they are the inhabitants of Mongolia
Mediterranean landscapes: the landscapes of the Mediterranean climate. There are trees such as holm oaks and pine trees. There are also shrubs and plants like lavender.
Desert landscapes:It is the landscapes of the desert climate. The lack of water makes vegetation scarce. There are only some species adapted to dry conditions such as cacti.
Taiga: Type of forest, characteristic of Siberia and northern Russia and formed of conifers.
Tundra: It is a Polar landscape with moss, lichens and small trees.
Alpine landscapes: It is the landscapes of the alpine climate where the vegetation changes from one part of a mountain to another.
Savannah: it is a huge plain located in tropical climates where the vegetation is formed by tall grass prairies and some trees or scattered shrubs growing among the grass.
Grassland: it is the savannha, a zone where the vegetation consists of grasses and shrubs.
Emergent tree: it is a very tall tree typical of rainforest.
Polar landscapes: the landscapes of the polar climate, characterized by ice and snow where vegetation is unable to grow. There is only tundra in the areas near the temperate zones that have a short summer.
Oceanic landscapes: the landscapes of the oceanic climate. Vegetation is abundant and the landscape is mainly green with extensive meadows.
Mountain landscapes: It is the landscapes of the mountain climate, that is different from low level to high level .
Continental landscapes: It is the landscapes of the continental climate. There are coniferous forest or taigas in the colder zones, prairies of tall grass in warmer areas and steppes of low grass in dry areas.
Meadows: they are a type of grasslands own of oceanic landscape.
Deciduous forest: It is the forest whose trees lose their leaves during a part of the year.
Coniferous forest: it is a forest consisting of conifers such as pines and firs, associated with cold climates.
Steppes: they are flat areas with herbaceous vegetation, typical of extreme weather and low rainfall.
Prairies: grasslands, meadows.

Thursday, 10 March 2016

Diferences and Similarities in the Temperate climate

Mediterranean Climate
The Mediterranean climate is a special type of climate that describes a regime of hot summer drought and winter rain in the mid-latitudes, north of the subtropical climate zone. This climate occurs most noticeably in the regions around the Mediterranean, from where the climate gets its name, but also in coastal areas of California, South Africa and southern parts of Australia.
In summer, the high pressure belts of the subtropics drift northwards in the Northern Hemisphere (during May to August), southwards in the Southern Hemisphere (during November to February). They are coincident with substantially higher temperatures and little rainfall. During the winter, the high-pressure belts drift back towards the equator, and the weather becomes more dominated by the rain-bearing low-pressure depressions. Whilst usually mild, such areas can experience cold snaps when exposed to the icy winds of the large continental interiors, where temperatures can drop to -40°C in the extreme continental climates.

Continental Climate
Continentality is a measure of the degree to which the climate of a region typifies that of the interior of a large landmass. Such regions usually experience hot summers and colder winters, being far away from the moderating influence of the ocean, which keeps climates milder in winter and cooler in summer. This is because soil and rock have a much lower heat capacity than water, and therefore gain and lose heat much more quickly. Continental climates are often found to be relatively dry. Most of the moisture carried by air masses originating over ocean regions far away is lost as rainfall earlier in its journey.
Regions of the Earth that have continental climates include Siberia and central Russia, and much of North America. Siberia, Canada and the northern states of the US in particular can exhibit very large differences between summertime and wintertime average temperature of up to 40°C. This compares to the more maritime climate of the UK, where the annual average temperature range is only 10°C.
Air masses that originate from continental interiors sometimes influence continental fringes that usually experience maritime climates. In the UK, continental polar air in winter is very cold and temperatures associated with this air stream are usually well below average. The air mass is basically very dry and stable but a track over the central part of the North Sea supplies sufficient heat and moisture to cause showers, often in the form of snow, over eastern England and Scotland. During summer, the airflow is usually warmer, since even northern parts of Europe experience high temperatures during this time of year.

Maritime Climate
Oceanicity is a measure of the degree to which the climate of a region is influenced by a maritime airflow from the oceans. In contrast to continental climates, maritime climates experience generally cool summers and mild winters, with a much smaller annual temperature range. This is because water has a much higher heat capacity than soil and rock. Seawater takes a long time to warm up in summer, but once heated it retains its energy long after the surrounding land has cooled down, helping to moderate the climate. Maritime climates generally are fairly humid, accompanied by considerable amounts of precipitation, since the main moisture source is not very far away.
The British Isles experiences a typically maritime climate, with prevailing southwesterly winds from the Atlantic Ocean. The maritime air masses that influence this part of the world are particularly mild on account of the warming influence of the Gulf Stream. The annual average temperature range in the UK is only about 10°C. Although the west coasts of Canada and Alaska experience maritime climates, the absence of an equally significant warm Pacific current in the mid latitudes means that these regions are generally colder in winter, with more precipitation falling as snow.
Task: Read the text, after that , you have to choose diferences and similarities between the three climates

You can use this table:

Mediterranean Climate

Continental Climate

Maritime Climate

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Journay into the Amazonia

Talk with Christina

  1. Where is the Amazonia ?
  2. What kind of climate and landscape are there in the Amazonia?
  3. What are the different part in the Amazonia forest?
  4. What kind of animal are there in theAmazonia´s Big Top?
  5. What kind of animal are there in the Amazonia´s land?
  6. What kind of animal are there in theAmazonia´s waterworlds?
  7. What is an Agouti ?
  8. and what is a Capybara?

Play the Game: Here