Friday, 20 May 2016

Vocabulary unit 9

Writing: It appeared in Mesopotamia over 5,000 years ago.

River civilizations: It is the civilization developed along large rivers surrounded by fertile land. The main rivers are the Tigris , Euphrates, Nile ...

Civil servant: People who work as scribes, could read write and count . They write the laws and the commercial transactions.

Hierarchical society: It was when the society was divided into clearly differentiated groups.

Cuneiform writing: It is a type of writing, consisted of signs drawn on clay tablets with a reed.

Hammurabi: It was the person who wrote the earliest law code.

Sumerian period: It was a country that were dominant in the third millenium BC. Independent cities were ruled by high priests in this period. It was the first mesopotamia civilizations.

Slaves: it is the part of the population they had no rights. Usually are prisoner of the war.

Ziggurats: They were the temples in the Mesopotamian region. They were built as stepped pyramids. They were built with mud.

Floods and dams: It is necessary when the water grow up.The wall to border the river and to control the water is a dam.

Mummy: It's a dead body. They were preserved in Egypt

Hieroglyphics: It is a type of writing, consisted of signs engraved on Egypt. They were created around 5,000 years ago. Some hieroglyphics signs represent an idea while others represents a sound.

Pharaohs: They were the egyptian Kings

Papyrus: It is a kind of paper used by the egyptians to write.

Old kingdom: It was a period in the Egypt History,

Middle kingdom: It was a period in the Egypt History,

New kingdom: It was a period in the Egypt History, started around 1600 BC.

Thebes: It was the capital in the Middle and New Kingdoms.

Memphis: It was the capital in the Old Kingdom, with pyramids

Polytheistic: It is when in a religion, the people believe  a lots of gods

Afterlife: It is when in a religion, the people believe in a life after dead

Pyramid: It's a tomb, the place where the pharaoh was buried.

Hypogeum: It is a type of egyptian tomb, built in the rock

Mastaba:  It is a type of egiptian tomb

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